Our work in this area aims to provide an evidence base to refine and reduce the use of vertebrates in (regulatory) ecotoxicology studies. This is supported by a working group of experts in the field from industry, academia, regulatory and government agencies. The group published a consensus opinion piece in 2015 outlining the current and future 3Rs priority areas within ecotoxicity testing.
So far, we have mainly focused on reducing the use of fish in the agrochemical industry, particularly in the testing of plant protection products (e.g. pesticides). Projects have largely utilised retrospective data analysis of company-owned or publicly available data. We are currently investigating ways to better align global data requirements across the different industry sectors.