This award aims to establish continuously growing, non-transformed macrophage cell lines to replace genetically modified (GM) mice used to study bacterial pathogenesis.
Lung alveolar macrophages are phagocytic cells that form part of the immune system’s defence against respiratory pathogens. GM mice are typically used to obtain macrophages for research but as the cells have a limited life span, animals are continually required to harvest cells for experiments. Using NC3Rs funding, Dr Gyorgy Fejer has developed continuously growing, non-transformed primary macrophages (MPI) as a model for lung alveolar macrophages. The cells are also sensitive to respiratory pathogens making them amenable for pathogenesis studies. Typically, over 300,000 cells can be isolated from a mouse, ten times this number can be isolated using Gyorgy’s method from one culture flask.
In this award, Gyorgy will train researchers from King’s College London and the Institut Pasteur, Korea to establish new macrophage cell lines from transgenic mice lacking various bacterial pathogen recognition sensors. The newly developed cell lines will be deposited in a repository to enable uptake by other researchers.