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NC3Rs: National Centre for the Replacement Refinement & Reduction of Animals in Research
Strategic grant

Use of Drosophila models to explore the function of asthma susceptibility genes

A  sideways shot of a drosophila

At a glance

Completed
Award date
April 2015
Grant amount
£89,116
Principal investigator
Professor Donna Davies
Institute
University of Southampton

R

  • Replacement

Contents

Overview

Aims

The aim of this project is to develop Drosophila models to better understand the role that asthma susceptibility genes play in epithelial barrier immunity and airways remodelling, and reduce the use of currently employed mammalian models for these studies.

Background

The incidence of asthma is increasing worldwide and there is no cure for the disease. For many sufferers, current therapies help manage the symptoms of asthma, but for approximately 10% of patients with the severest disease current therapies are ineffective. There is an urgent need to identify the underlying basis of asthma, and to develop appropriate new treatment strategies.

The causes of asthma are not fully understood. While exposure to environmental triggers can bring on an asthma attack, it is known that asthma tends to run in families and may be inherited. Over the last 10-15 years considerable progress has been made in identification of asthma susceptibility genes using a variety of genetic approaches. However, despite the advances at the genetic level, the functions of these genes and/or how their genetic polymorphism contributes to asthma remain poorly understood, especially for those genes involved in local tissue susceptibilities such as barrier immunity and tissue remodelling. Traditionally, approaches for understanding gene function rely heavily on the use of murine models which are costly, time consuming and may not result in a quantifiable phenotype. Therefore, there is a need to develop alternative approaches that reliably offer the potential for introducing several disease-genes into the same organism to allow assessment of gene-gene, as well as gene-environment effects.

Research details and methods

Drosophila lack an adaptive immune system, possess a simple airway structure which shares many features with the human airways, and benefit from a comprehensive toolbox of methods for directly manipulating genes of interest. These properties make the Drosophila an exciting new model system for assessing the effect of asthma susceptibility genes on airway structure and function.

Transgenic flies overexpressing the asthma susceptibility genes, ADAM33 or CDHR3 will be generated to study their function in epithelial barrier immunity and airway remodelling. High resolution light-sheet and confocal microscopy will be used to explore if similar phenotypes are observed in the transgenic flies as compared to human and murine models. Effects on epithelial barrier, immune responses and oxygen sensitivity will be assessed at baseline and after challenge with cigarette smoke or bacteria. If tractable, such a system will facilitate studies of remodelling and barrier immunity in asthma and provide a tool for high-throughput screening of compounds that modify the function of the susceptibility genes which may lead to development of novel therapeutic interventions that act close to the origin of the disease.

Impacts